Artificial intelligence is all about the development and ability of intelligent machine systems to perform simple or complex tasks that are usually performed by humans. Some of these intelligent machine systems can also exhibit behavioural and emotional reactions that are distinctly human. However, educators need to understand AI on a deeper level, not just on the surface. They will miss out on all of the amazing things that this technology can do for the field of education if they stop at a surface definition and understanding. Let’s discuss what the 4 types of artificial intelligence are and what educators should know about them.
Reactive AI – Reactive artificial intelligence is a simple rules engine, it specializes in one area such as hotel pricing, grading, board games, etc. They don’t have a concept of the past, historical data, nor the ability to conceive a future and can only work in the present, focusing on the task that is directly in front of them.
Limited Memory AI – Limited memory artificial intelligence is multifaceted rules engine with statistical and analysis, higher order thinking, and cognitive skills. They can not only reason, plan, solve and think abstractly, but also understand complex ideas and concepts, and learn rapidly from experience. These systems contain a memory system that is short-lived and can look back into their past for a short duration of time. Self-driving car is where this concept is incorporated in, enabling them with sensors that detect when a pedestrian is crossing a walkway, poor road conditions, weather, inward vehicle, lane detection, and traffic lights. This technology has been instrumental in helping autonomous cars avoid accidents.
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